WHO IS MIKE LIU?
Truly Understanding the Crusades
Crusades were only ever called to retake originally Christian lands, of to beat back pagans who continually raided Christian states. Crusades were not called to convert, but to defend and reconquer previously Christian lands.
Warriors who fought in these holy wars recelved spiritual mertt, this usually came in the way of an indulgence granted by the church
'The Crusades ware a response to 4 centuries of miltant islamic expansion that had taken up to % of the originally Christian land at the time,
In the west, Christian Kings waged war in Iberia for centuries while trying to reclaim their homeland while in the east, the
Byzantine Empire fought to keep control of Anatolia
'Then, in 1071 at the Battle of Manzikert, the Seljuk Turks, conquered almost all of Anatolia. In response to this, the First
Crusade was called. I's goal was to retake Anatolia for the
Byzantine Empire and retake Jerusalem so that pilgrims (who had recently been facing increased harassment and persecution from.
the Muslims) could safely travel there.
'One myth about the Crusades is that those who went on them went out of greed. Ithhas been proven that greed was not a primary
'motivation due to the fact that Crusading was both incredibly dangerous and expensive. Many who went elther died or went bankrupt, virtually none of the knights who went could expect to gain wealth. The primary motivation for crusading was spiritual
'Another myth about the Crusades were that they were not all that successful. This is plainly untrue. Both the crusade and the crusade were successful, though the last Crusader kingdoms in the_
Middle East foll to the Mamelukes in the 13th contury. Where the crusades were the most successful was in the West, where
Christians completely reconquered Iberia and in the north where the pagans were defeated, Christians stil hold those lands to this very day.